Retinitis pigmentosa is known as a group of various but related diseased that are usually generated in families and tend to result in gradual yet progressive vision loss. Retinitis pigmentosa has enough influence over the rods and cones of the retina and also affects the sensitive nerve layer located at the back of the eye, together all this results in visionary decline in both eyes that can be quite deteriorating for the individual’s well-being. Since both eyes are affected with the varying severity range that can be mere vision issues in families while it may also result in birth blindness as well.
When it comes to the treatment or correction of retinitis pigmentosa, it cannot be done so in terms of refractive surgery in particular since there are many reports and experiences that related to the refractive surgery techniques as being unsuitable for the patients suffering from RP. Since there are multiple types of retinitis pigmentosa, the symptoms tend to vary as well but the most common type of RP is the night vision difficulty and areas where there is poor illumination. RP is a very progressive disease since the vision decreases completely and such condition is alluded to as the tunnel vision. There is another type of RP wherein the side vision is retained for some duration but the central vision loss leads to inability to read or some other close work execution.
Lasik retinitis pigmentosa is known to be available in a wide range and is mostly accounted as one of the best ways, atleast effective ones, to deal with RP. Refractive surgery like the Lasik, All-Laser Lasik, LASEK, Epi-Lasik, PRK, CK and PRK etc can help change the refractive condition of the eye. This means that Laser retinitis pigmentosa can help change the focal point of the eye where the light enters the eye, however, the refractive surgery like Lasik and all other related surgeries too are not capable of resolving RP and may cause some other vision problems indirectly. There are experts who do not regard Lasik retinitis pigmentosa as preferable since this disease is certainly going to augment and any way to repress is affirmably negated by surgeons.
There are other procedures to RP other than the Lasik retinitis pigmentosa which are accounted as the lens-based procedures known as RLE and P-IOL that are regarded as highly invasive techniques as compared to other forms of refractive surgery and as a result, demand immense attention to patients who have undergone retinal problems earlier in life. Thereby, it is said that refractive surgery forms that are Lasik retinitis pigmentosa techniques can instigate various results that may occur in contrast sensitivity loss and other undesirable results. When these surgery techniques are paired with the scope of low vision in poor illumination surrounding because of RP, there is high potential risk to poor vision after the Lasik retinitis pigmentosa. This is why patients are strongly recommended to undergo a complete, in-depth evaluation by a retina specialist to see if they are appropriate patients for the Lasik surgery or not.